The Senegal parakeet is a beautiful, bright, friendly and quick-witted representative of birds. As a rule, you quickly get used to any pet, and every owner wants his friend to live as long as possible. The Senegal parrot can live at home for several decades. To maximize the life of a bird, its owner must follow some rules of keeping.
This parrot is an exotic pet native to the western part of the African continent. The length of its body reaches 25 cm, and its weight is 170 g. The body of the parrot is strong, and the tail is short and wide. Most often there are green individuals, only the lower abdomen may have a yellowish or orange plumage. The head is usually large, dark gray in color.
The chicks are dull in color. Males are larger than females, they have a wide flat head and brighter brow ridges.
If it is difficult to determine the gender, then the owners conduct a DNA test.
The advantage of this pet is a quick adaptation to a change of scenery and getting used to the owner. The breed belongs to the speaking species, but the Senegalese parrot cannot boast of a large vocabulary. However, he is easy to train and can perform some circus tricks. On average, these parrots live 20-30 years, but there are also real centenarians who have lived up to 40 years.
Ornithologists classify the Senegalese breed into three subspecies.
- Senegalus. Nominal subspecies. Individuals are distinguished by a yellow belly.
- mesotypus. It is characterized by a more delicate coloration, the orange feathers in the abdomen are more pronounced.
- Versteri. These birds are darker in color and have a red-orange belly.
Conditions of detention
To make the acquired bird feel comfortable, the owner is required to familiarize himself with the basic rules of content.
- The sleep of parrots should last about 10 hours a day, so the optimal daylight hours for a feathered pet should be 14 hours. In summer, natural light is enough, and in winter it is necessary to use artificial lamps. In this case, even an ordinary table lamp will do.
- In the room where the parrot is kept, the temperature should always be between 18 and 30 degrees Celsius. Sudden changes in temperature, drafts and low humidity are dangerous for the animal.
- The minimum cage size is 80x90x80 cm. Experts recommend buying rectangular cages. It is worth paying attention to how securely the cage is locked. Senegalese parrots are very smart birds and can easily open the door with their beak if it is locked with simple hooks and latches.
- Usually the feeders are already equipped in the purchased cage, so there is no need to purchase them separately. However, you need to adapt a small container for small pebbles, with which the bird will grind food. When choosing a drinker, it is better to give preference to metal or wooden products, as plastic options deteriorate quickly.
According to the reviews of the owners, it is more convenient to use drinkers with a flat top bottom – it is more convenient to put them on the table when changing water.
It is also recommended to additionally secure the drinker with wire so that the parrot cannot disconnect it and drop it.
Senegalese love to take a bath, so you need to put a metal container with warm water in the cage. It is necessary to install the bath in such a way that the feathered tenant cannot overturn it.
When choosing paraphernalia for a cage, special attention should be paid to perches and toys. The perches should have a diameter that is comfortable for the parrot. It is better to abandon thin products and perches made of soft wood. Do not install too many poles, as there will be nowhere for the bird to turn around in the cage.
Of the toys, the most necessary are swings, mirrors, rattles and bells. It is necessary to select products that will be convenient for the parrot in terms of weight.
Don’t Forget About Cage Equipment mineral stone, which is necessary for grinding claws and beak. Also, instead of stone, twigs and tree bark are suitable.
When choosing a feathered pet home, you should give preference to young individuals up to 6 months old, as they are easier to tame. Senegals easily distinguish people and quickly become attached to their owner. In addition, these are jealous animals, so it is better not to settle the Senegal along with other breeds of birds. Despite a small vocabulary, the Senegal parrot pronounces phrases quite clearly and understandably, it conveys the emotions and intonation of the speaker well.
When keeping a parrot, special attention is paid to its feeding. These birds should not eat protein foods, so you should not offer your pet eggs, bread, cheese. Also, do not abuse nuts – the parrot can gain weight from them, which will lead to serious health problems. You need to buy specialized feed for medium parrots – usually all the substances necessary for the full development of birds are balanced in them. Feeds often include millet, oats, canary seed, vitamins A, D, E, and the B group.
You also need to add vegetables, fruits, berries to the parrot’s menu, systematically offer grass and twigs, birch sap. In nature, individuals love to eat flowers, but at home you should beware of such feeding, as many indoor flowers are poisonous to animals. At least once a day, it is necessary to change the water of the parrot, but it is better to pour fresh water every time pieces of food get into the drinker. The water temperature should be around 20 degrees Celsius. In hot weather, you should not give your feathered friend cold water to drink, so as not to provoke a cold in a parrot.
Parrots need vitamins – they can also be purchased at a pet store, but it is better to consult a veterinarian in advance. Vitamins are added to food or water. Also, to maintain health, you need to purchase special ultraviolet lamps. Among artificial lamps, heating equipment is of particular importance.
If a special lamp for birds could not be found, then you can warm the Senegal under an ordinary incandescent lamp, but you should not place the lamp closer than 50 cm. It is especially important to warm up the parrot during periods of illness and stress, for example, when moving.
Every day the parrot needs walking. You need to let him out of the cage at least for a while. Let him spread his wings and fly around the room.
To protect furniture from bird droppings, you can place your pet’s favorite toys and a perch in the corner of the room – then cleaning will be required only in one corner. It is not necessary to release a parrot that has just been brought into the house until it gets used to the new owner and the change of scenery.
Reproduction of individuals is possible when they reach the age of two. In order for the female to lay eggs, it is required to hang a nest box measuring 45x20x25 cm in the cage. The entrance to the nest should be approximately 2.5 cm in size.
During the mating season in nature, the male dances in front of his lady of the heart, demonstrates singing skills, spreads his wings behind his back and shows feathers on the back of his head. The female cannot resist such a persistent partner. Usually a female parrot lays 3-5 eggs, which it incubates for 22-24 days. At this time, the future father guards his family, brings food to his beloved.
If it so happened that the chicks were left without parents, then the owner takes them for artificial feeding. Prior to the feathering of the babies, the nesting temperature should be 33 degrees Celsius, and the temperature of the feed mass should be 39 degrees. To achieve heat in the nest, you can put it on a heating pad, but it is important to periodically control the temperature – a few minutes of overheating can lead to the death of the chicks. Sometimes it is worth spraying the nesting place with clean water to maintain humidity in the bird’s dwelling.
In the first week of life, little Senegals are fed baby food (without milk content), which is diluted to a liquid puree. You can supplement the substance with apple and carrot juice or grind a piece of boiled yolk. On their own, the chicks begin to eat at about 3-3.5 months.
Owners of Senegal parrots speak well of their pets. With proper care and trusting relationships with the owner, parrots are able to perform acrobatic tricks, for example, ride a miniature bicycle. Few owners decide to breed, and those who tried to feed the chick on their own are disappointed with the complexity of such a process. Unfortunately, artificial feeding at home in inexperienced owners rarely ends in success.
All about Senegalese parrots, see the following video.