Bernese Mountain Dog - history and breed standard, character traits, pros and cons, rules for keeping and care

Many people have pets, dogs are one of the most popular. The Bernese Mountain Dog breed is a native of Switzerland, loved by many dog ​​breeders. It was bred to help shepherds, but today the animal is loved for its friendliness and protective qualities. You can keep such a pet not only in the house, but also in the apartment.

Description of the breed Bernese Mountain Dog

The popularity of the Swiss is constantly growing, while they are in many ways similar to their distant ancestors. The dog is beautiful and harmonious. The description of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed includes the main points:

  • with an impressive size, the dog is comfortable living in an apartment;
  • final maturation occurs when reaching 2 years;
  • can coexist in the same territory with other pets;
  • it is forbidden to keep on a chain;
  • quickly learn and unconditionally execute commands;
  • need physical activity to expend energy;
  • because of the long coat, they shed almost all year round.

Many who want to get a large and at the same time not very active dog are interested in how much the Bernese Mountain Dog costs. It is important to understand that the cost cannot be low, this indicates not a purebred. You should not buy representatives of this breed on the market, it is better to contact a specialized nursery where you can check the documentation. Across the country, the average price is $300-400. The cost of high-bred puppies is slightly higher and reaches $550-600.

History of the Bernese Mountain Dog

According to existing information, representatives of this breed have served people since the days of the Roman Empire. Molossians are considered distant ancestors – universal dogs that combine the qualities of a shepherd, watchman and fighter. The breed appeared in the Alps, so its representatives are also called “dogs of alpine meadows.” The Bernese Mountain Dog was first bred by A. Heim in 1908.

Peasants appreciated the endurance and good nature of pets and adapted to use them in different areas of life. Initially, they were perceived as mongrels; the interest of specialists appeared only at the end of the 19th century. Currently, the breed has established itself in many countries of the world. In Russia, animals first appeared in 1989, and every year their popularity is only growing.

Bernese Mountain Dog Standard

A wonderful appearance is due to the unique combination of size, strong bones, beautiful coat and self-confident character. Beautiful shepherd dogs amaze with their long black hair and harmony. The main external parameters of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed include:

  • in height at the withers they reach about 55-70 cm;
  • average weight – 40-45 kg;
  • large rounded head;
  • ears-triangles set high;
  • the shape of the eyes is almond-shaped, the iris has a dark brown color;
  • highlights a large nose with large nostrils;
  • scissor bite, strong;
  • rounded paws have elastic pads;
  • the tail is powerful, saber-shaped;
  • the coat is straight and long.

bernese mountain dog standard

Character of the Bernese Mountain Dog

If you want to have a true friend, then consider this breed of shepherd dogs. Animals of this breed will not require increased attention from the owner. The calmness and wisdom of the Berns are striking, but at the same time, such pets are able to show feelings. The Bernese Shepherd Dog is a typical family dog ​​that gets along well with children, treating them with patronage and at the same time without aggression for annoying pranks. Puppies are inquisitive and often like to fool around.

Adults are more calm and phlegmatic. The Bernese Mountain Dog’s favorite pastime is helping the owner. They are able to carry small packages, buckets and be reliable defenders. In general, Bernese are patient and affectionate animals, in addition, they will be calm at the sight of a stranger, if he does not pose a threat. Only one person is considered the real owner. With mild laziness and a love of sleep, dogs can sometimes participate in various activities, but they do not like to have fun for a long time.

Pros and Cons of the Bernese Mountain Dog Breed

Before making a final decision whether this breed is suitable or not, you need to get to know it in more detail. Positive characteristics of the Bernese Shepherd include:

  • with a gigantic size, a patient and kind character;
  • high devotion lies in the desire to constantly please;
  • friendly character allows you to find an approach to everyone;
  • excellent immunity.

The disadvantages of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed include:

  • in the absence of education – aggressive behavior;
  • the need for a lot of patience and a lot of time for training;
  • laziness leads to the fact that they will not work fully for long;
  • large sizes require impressive amounts of feed.

Bernese Mountain Dog – care and maintenance

A suitable place for a dog can be a city apartment, a house or a well-insulated booth in an aviary. Indoors, the dog is given a personal corner, where they have a cozy lounger. It should be away from heaters and drafts. The Bernese Mountain Dog in an apartment where it is very hot will feel uncomfortable. Experts recommend taking walks with the animal twice a day, and the pet should receive certain physical activity during them.

Bernese Mountain Dog – puppy care

The babies of this breed are outwardly cute and beautiful and attract attention with their charm. Bernese Mountain Dog puppies grow very quickly, so it is important to ensure proper and balanced nutrition. In order to avoid health problems, after a hearty lunch it is forbidden to load the baby with work or teams, let him rest and digest the food thoroughly. It is important to give your pet a lot of time, taking it with games and active walks, this will help to properly form the muscle corset and avoid dysplasia.

bernese mountain dog puppy care

What to feed the Bernese Mountain Dog?

For a fulfilling life, it is important to properly make a diet. Puppies aged 2 months. they feed up to 5 times, by the year the number is reduced to 2, while increasing the serving size. The daily caloric intake for a puppy should be 600 kcal, for an adult dog – 1800-3000 kcal. The natural diet of the Bernese Mountain Dog should include:

  • lean meat;
  • offal;
  • sea ​​fish;
  • kefir, cottage cheese and so on;
  • healthy vegetables and fruits;
  • cereals.

It is important for the animal to always have access to a container of fresh water. Dry food for the Bernese Mountain Dog should be 16% reduced fat and 18-26% protein. Some ingredients should not be present in the composition: soy, corn or wheat. Trademarks among ready-made feeds are popular:

  • canine;
  • evo;
  • Innova;
  • Canidae;
  • Eagle pack.

Grooming a Bernese Mountain Dog

Proper care of animals of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed includes a number of manipulations:

  1. Combing. Long hair requires careful care, because it quickly gets dirty and clumps. Do this with a natural bristle brush. It is recommended to carry out such manipulations daily.
  2. cutting. A full haircut is not done, scissors are used to remove lumps or minimal length adjustments.
  3. Bathing. Similar procedures are carried out every 2 months.
  4. Clipping of claws. The nail cutter is used every 2 months. Sharp corners are filed.
  5. Ear and teeth cleaning. Held once a week. In the presence of irritants, contact the veterinarian.

grooming bernese mountain dog

Bernese Mountain Dog – keeping on the street

The breed feels good when kept outdoors, because they were originally bred as shepherds and were usually kept on the street. The maintenance of the Bernese Mountain Dog requires the construction of an aviary with a quality booth. For the house, bars or thick boards are used to keep the dog warm and comfortable. In cold climates, walls and floors can be insulated.

What leash to choose for the Bernese Mountain Dog?

In order for the dog to be comfortable walking, it is important to know how to choose the right accessories. Before buying, you need to consider the recommendations:

  1. The Sennenhund breed is large, which means that the product must be as strong as possible.
  2. The carabiner and bolt must be durable and of high quality.
  3. A suitable leash width is 2-4 cm.
  4. The ideal length is about 3 m for a normal walk, for working out commands it is better to choose a product for 7 m.
  5. It is recommended to choose a woven or flat product with a two-layer stitched structure.

On the market you can find the following types of leashes:

  • for walking and training;
  • leash for walking

  • walker;
  • walker leash

  • chain;
  • leash chain

  • re-stitching.
  • leash

Bernese mountain dog training

In order for the character of the pet to be formed correctly, it is important to carry out the timely education of the Bernese Mountain Dog. Cynologists recommend starting the socialization of a pet as early as possible so that it reacts correctly to the surrounding people and animals. With an impressive appearance, Bern is very vulnerable, so you should not use physical punishment and screaming in education. In training, it is important to show firmness and perseverance, point out mistakes in a strict tone, but no more.

The stages of training a Bernese Mountain Dog include:

  1. 2 months – teach to leash and muzzle. Only with them you can walk your dog in public places.
  2. 3 months – carry out socialization, walks should be short.
  3. 4-5 months – a time of disobedience and trying everything on the tooth. To show the puppy that you can not bite your hands, you need to lightly pinch the nose. Start learning simple commands.
  4. 6 months – the second stage of growing up, you need to take into account all the mistakes and try to fix them quickly.

Diseases of the Bernese Mountain Dog

The good news is that the breed has an excellent heredity, but improper maintenance can lead to some problems. Many are interested in how long the Bernese Mountain Dogs live. On average, this period is 9 years. There are representatives who, with good care, celebrated their 13th birthday. The most common diseases are:

  • joint dysplasia;
  • shoulder osteochondrosis;
  • eye problems;
  • The Greater Bernese Mountain Dog sometimes suffers from alopecia;
  • umbilical hernia;
  • hereditary kidney disease.

Bernese Mountain Dog – interesting facts

Even better to know the animals of this breed will help the facts:

  1. The Bernese Mountain Dog breed could have been exterminated at the end of the 14th century.
  2. During the peak of the popularity of dogs, people from other countries came to Switzerland to buy them and paid impressive money.
  3. The breed has two official names: Dyurbahler and Bernese Mountain Dog.
  4. The Berns had a mystical image because of their wool. In ancient times, people believed that tan in the form of a second pair of eyes helped the Berns to be an intermediary between them and God.
  5. During the war, these shepherd dogs helped move weapons and worked as signalmen and miners.
  6. If a dog living in the village is left unattended, it is likely that, following natural instincts, he will drive a whole brood of different animals into the yard.

Bernese Mountain Dog – Similar Breeds

This species belongs to the group of Swiss Sennenhund dogs. It also includes other breeds that are similar in appearance, but have some key differences. Common types of Sennenhunds.

  • Swiss – the largest dog;
  • appenzeller – has an average size and a tail folded into a ring;
  • entlebucher – the smallest representative;
  • St. Bernard – has a similar coat.